The sniper has been a common component to the battlefield since the rifle made its first appearance. The designs and capabilities of these weapon systems are similar and their abilities are further enhanced by the addition of specialized scopes, buttstock and bipod arrangements. However, the amount of training and experience separates the average sniper from the true marksman. The sniper rifle has been a mainstay of the army for over a hundred years now. The sniper itself has become the ultimate assassin capable of avoiding detection, making his way to within a few hundred yards of his target, dispatching said target and returning to his extraction point – all the while going days without contact, communications or a healthy dose of sleep and eats. Ultimately, it is the designated sniper’s responsibility to remove a targeted threat in the form of a high ranking official, military officer or rogue enemy element from being an effective part of the modern battlefield. Today we have rounded up Top 5 Sniper Rifles.
5. MCMILLAN TAC 50
The Mcmillan TAC 50, also known as “Big Mac”, is a 50 caliber sniper rifle. It currently holds the record for the world’s longest “confirmed kill” shot at 2,657 yards (over 1.5 miles). The TAC 50 is precision engineered to sling the incredibly large 50 BMG cartridge, the largest bullet used for military sniper rifles. Shooting this large round at effective ranges up to 1,800 meters, the TAC 50 is often used to take out engine blocks as well as personnel.
4. BARRETT .416 MODEL 99
Introduced in 1999, the Barrett Model 99 shoots a .416 (10.6×83mm) centerfire rifle cartridge. Being smaller than the .50 BMG, this bullet flies at a higher velocity because of its aerodynamics. While a 50 BMG carries more weight, this specially designed cartridge cuts through the air at faster speeds which reduces the sniper’s obsticles (wind speed, moisture and temperature). Its effective range is 2,600 meters (approximately 1.6 miles).
AWSM (Arctic Warfare Super Magnum) is a light-weight sniper rifle built to withstand extreme weather conditions. It is a bolt action sniper rifle that fires the .338 Lapua cartridge, which is the first round designed specifically for sniper rifles. The primary feature of the AWSM has de-icing features via the fluted bolt design. It fires in all weather conditions, every time with extreme accuracy. The effective range using its .338 round is just over 1,200 yards.
2. BARRETT M107A1
The Barrett M107 is a tried-and-true sniper rifle. However, its large length and overall weight made it quite the task for moving in and out of locations. With those issues in mind, Barrett redesigned the beloved .50 caliber with weight in mind, hence the M107A1. This is the latest version that dropped 5lbs in weight while still maintaining its deadly accuracy. In addition to the reduced weight, the M107A1 was designed to be used with a suppressor. Like other .50 Cal sniper rifles, this weapon can be used to take out engine blocks in vehicles as well as personnel up to 2,000 meters away.
1. CHEYTAC M200 INTERVENTION
Without a doubt, the world’s deadliest sniper rifle is the CheyTac M200. The flawless design pushes its .408 round down range well over 3,000 feet per second. The cartridge was designed for accuracy by balancing the linear and rotational drag, helping the bullet to fly flatter and farther. The CheyTac Intervention currently holds the world’s record for best group at a distance of 2,321 yards (3 bullets were fired within 16 & 5/8 inches). In addition to this record, the M200 was featured on the TV show “Future Weapons” where a former U.S. Navy SEAL hit a human-sized target at 2,530 yards, 3 out of 6 shots. Its effective range is roughly 1.4 miles.
The SCAR™ family was originally designed and developed by FN Herstal following a solicitation by USSOCOM for a family of assault rifles, designed around two different calibers but featuring high commonality of parts and identical ergonomics. FN Herstal took part in the full and open competition and the FN SCAR™ was chosen among nine
proposals. The SCAR™ family consists of two highly adaptable modular rifles, the SCAR™-L chambered in 5.56x45mm NATO caliber and the SCAR™-H chambered in 7.62x51mm NATO caliber, and the FN40GL™ 40mm low velocity grenade launcher. Both SCAR™ rifles are available with two different barrel lengths: a short barrel for close quarter combat and a standard barrel for longer distances.
he FN40GL™ grenade launcher quickly mounts onto the lower rail of either SCAR™ rifle and can be easily configured for use as a stand-alone weapon as well. All visitors coming to visit our stand at Eurosatory will get their own SCAR™ package including Dick Kramer poster (subject to availability).
FN Herstal’s stand will be located in Hall 6, Belgian Pavilion, stand no. F100k. FN Herstal designs, develops and manufactures a full range of light and portable weapons, integrated weapon systems and ammunition for Military and Law Enforcement Agencies worldwide.
The AF2011 double barrel pistol is the very first industrial double barrel semiautomatic pistol of all time. Arsenal Firearms wanted to commemorate the 100 year anniversary of the legendary Colt 1911 by making a true industrial market-ready double barrel semi-automatic .45 caliber pistol. Arsenal Firearms achieved success in the brief span of six months after intense around-the-clock 3D designing, stereo lithographic modeling, and parts machining. The result is an amazing gun that can be handled by any shooter able to shoot a standard 1911.
The AF2011 has amazing target performance for the shooter. It will group all eight double .45 caliber rounds (16 bullets) held in the dual column magazine, in a target the size of an orange at 15 yards. The stopping power of the AF2011 is tremendous. Two bullets weighing a total of 460 grains impacting at 1 to 2 inches apart (depending on the distance of the target) will knock down a bull, while the full total of 16+2 bullets, (payload exceeding 4000 grains) can be delivered to the target in less than three seconds.
The most interesting feature of Arsenal Firearms new pistol, which they strived to keep during the development of the project, is the interchangeability of the majority of internal parts. Most come as standard 1911 replacement parts. These include firing pins, firing pins plates, sear groups, triple springs, inner parts of the mainspring housing, recoil springs, recoil rods, magazine bodies and inner parts, adjustable sights, grips, grips screws, and bushings.
The M249 light machine gun (LMG), formerly designated the M249 Squad Automatic Weapon (SAW), and formally written as Light Machine Gun, 5.56 mm, M249, is the American adaptation of the Belgian FN Minimi, a light machine gun manufactured by the Belgian company FN Herstal (FN). The M249 became more or less a direct adaptation of the Belgian design with a few Army-requested changes to suit mission needs and American production methodology. The weapon was selected in 1982, introduced with the US Army in 1984 (the US Marines accepted the weapon in 1985) and, after an extensive period of testing common to most US military firearms, the M249 was finally delivered to frontline US Army forces in 1992. By and large, the M249 remains faithful to the overall form and function of the FN Minimi with the most notable change being the addition of a perforated heat shield at the barrel and a new butt. The heat shield protects the operator from accidental burns and also serves to minimize the effects of heat distorting the action as seen through the sights.
Like other modern infantry forces, the US military survives through various levels of specialists that benefit the whole. Base infantryman armed with their standard service rifles head the assault and these forces are supported by specialist troops armed with larger, heavier automatic weapons for suppression fire and direct contact of enemy forces. The M249 fulfills this role as a portable, voluminous fire design intended to support infantry actions at the squad level.
The US move to a more compact machine gun was born from a 1960s initiative which saw American ground forces tied to the cumbersome, rifle-caliber-chambered M60 General Purpose Machine Gun (GPMG) of the Vietnam War era and the Browning M2HB heavy machine gun system. As such, there proved a “bridge requirement” to bring about a more portable system chambered for the smaller 5.56mm NATO round via belt. The weapon would be crewed by a single operator for efficient management in the field and provide the needed sustained fire through a high-volume automatic action. While various experiments were conducted in the Vietnam War to find such a weapon, the solution would not come until well after the war in the 1980s with the settlement of the Belgian FN Minimi. The Minimi was successfully evaluated (as the XM249) beginning in 1974 against the Colt M16 HBAR and the Heckler & Koch HK23A1. Testing continued into 1981.
The M249 retains the general appearance and layout of the FN Minimi before it. The receiver is a large, rectangular block housing the required internal components. The stock is a webbed, twin strutted assembly affixed to the rear of the receiver in the usual way. The trigger group and pistol grip are underslung beneath the receiver. Ahead of the receiver is the forend/handguard shrouding a portion of the barrel and gas cylinder. A folding bipod assembly is fitted at the gas cylinder and collapses rearwards against it when not used. The barrel protrudes a short distance ahead of the forend and is capped by a conical slotted flash hider. Iron sights are provided over the receiver and midway along the barrel. A carrying handle is offset to the right side to facilitate transport and barrel changing. Ammunition is fed through a port along the left side (box or belt) and exits from the right. Sling loops allow use of a shoulder strap. The M249 can also be supported via the M192 LGM tripod assembly.
Production of American M249s is handled by FN Manufacturing Company of Columbia, South Carolina, USA. The initial batch of 1,100 M249s were built and delivered directly from Belgian factories and were marked as such. Since entering service as the “M249 SAW”, the system has been redesignated in 1994 to “M249 Light Machine Gun (LMG)”
The M249 has been manufactured or modified into several notable forms beyond the first generation base M249. The M249 PIP was an early Product Improvement Program form with a plastic stock replacing the original metal one. New sights were also added as was a new pistol grip, bipod and flash suppressor. Picatinny rail sections were eventually installed. The M249 PARA is a more compact version with sliding butt. The M249 Special Purpose Weapon is a compact SOCOM series version with weight reduction taken to the extreme – lacking the carrying handle, magazine well and vehicle mounting hardware. Another SOCOM type is the Mk 46 Mod 0 with Picatinny rail support and varying barrel options. The Mk 48 is yet another SOCOM breed following the Mk 46 Mod 0 though chambered for the larger rifle-caliber 7.62x51mm NATO standard cartridge.
Deranged mass shooters have long employed the lethal firepower of the AR-15, the popular civilian version of the military assault rifle that has been issued to U.S. troops since the Vietnam War. Early Sunday morning in Orlando, a hate-filled gunman armed with an AR-15-style rifle—a Sig Sauer MCX—stormed a crowded gay nightclub and killed 49 people and wounded more than 50 others in the deadliest mass shooting in American history before he was shot dead by a SWAT team.
Omar Mateen, 29, a New York-born shooter who had pledged allegiance to ISIS during a 911 call, reportedly equipped his semi-automatic rifle with a high-capacity magazine enabling him to fire dozens of bullets without reloading, Vocativ reports.
The controversial AR-15, which is famously America’s most popular sporting rifle with more than 12 million sold, is prized for its accuracy, speed, reliability and portability by hunters and target shooters.
But the civilian AR-15—which differs from the military version in that it can only be sold as a semi-automatic—has also been used in some the most high-profile murder sprees in recent memory.
Shooters armed with AR-15s have killed people in the following massacres, according to NBC News:
Dec. 2, 2015 — The AR-15 was one of the weapons Syed Rizwan Farook and his wife Tashfeen Malik used to kill 14 people and wound 22 more in an attack on the Inland Regional Center in San Bernardino, California.
Oct. 1, 2015 — Christopher Harper Mercer fatally shot and assistant professor and eight students in a classroom at Umpqua Community College in Roseburg, Oregon. He was armed with an AR-15 and other weapons.
June 7, 2013 —John Zawahri was armed with an AR-15 when he went on a rampage at the Santa Monica Community College outside of Los Angeles. He killed five people and wounded four before he was killed in a shootout with cops.
Dec. 14, 2012 — Adam Lanza used an AR-15 purchased by his mother to murder 20 first graders and six staffers at the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, Connecticut. He used a handgun to kill himself as the cops were closing in.
July 20, 2012 — The AR-15 was part of James Holmes’ arsenal when he opened fire during the midnight screening of “The Dark Night Rises” at a movie theater in Aurora, Colorado [killing 12 and wounding more than 70].
While many law-abiding gun enthusiasts will continue to advocate the AR-15 for hunting and shooting sports, the latest carnage in Orlando has unsurprisingly rekindled fierce debate about the AR-15 and other assault-style rifles.
Sadly, if history is any judge, it won’t be the last time the AR-15 or its widely-available ilk will be used in a horrific mass shooting.
Do you have plans of taking a shotgun with you when it comes time to grab the bug out bag and get out of dodge? I know that shotguns are not normally part of bug out plans due to their size and weight. Most of us are already packing our handgun and a rifle, no one has room for a shotgun.
Well with the introduction of the Chiappa M6 X-Caliber 12 gauge survival shotgun you can elect to leave your standard rifle and shotgun at home you choose to. It shoots 12 calibers of ammunition.
The rifle was originally designed to fire a 12 gauge shell and a .22lr, but with the X-Caliber adapter set the M6 can fire up to 12 different calibers including .380 , 9 mm , .357Mag/.38SP , .40 S & W, .44 Mag, .45 ACP , .410/.45colt, and 20 gauge.
The entire system is made of steel except for a foam insert in the butt stock to reduce weight. By pressing a single lever, the M6 can be folded at a hinge point to a compact 18″ that can easily fit in most backpacks.